Relationship Of Nutritional Status With Degree And Type Of Anemia In Vegetarian

Yuliana S Santoso, Dewa AL Dewi, FX Himawan H. Jong


Introduction: A vegetarian that consumes only plant foods is at risk for anemia due to nutritional deficiencies, especially iron and vitamin B12.
Aim : to identify the level of nutritional intake, nutritional status, degree of anemia and type of anemia in a vegetarian group and to analyze the relationship between nutritional status with degree and type of anemia.
Method : This study used analytic research, with correlational study, through cross sectional approach. The sampling technique of this research was purposive sampling at Vihara Thien Bao (Maha Vihara) with sample of 38 people including inclusion and exclusion criteria. Data were analyzed by using Rank Spearman test to measure the correlational relationship between nutritional status with degree of anemia and the contingency coefficient test measure the correlational relationship between nutritional status with type of anemia. Result : Intake of energy (71.89%), carbohydrate (74.56%), fat (68.04%), protein (134.38%), vitamin B12 (98.83%) and iron (25,04%) for men. Intake of energy (65,42%), carbohydrate (69,21%), fat (63,94%), protein (100,48%), vitamin B12 (45,30%) and iron (27,67%) for
women. These data were compared with RDA. P value for nutritional status correlation analysis with degree of anemia was 0,639 and p value for nutritional status correlation analysis with type of anemia was 0,851.
Conclusion : There was a deficit of energy, carbohydrate, fat, and iron in both gender. Protein intake was excessive in man and normal in woman. Iron and vitamin B12 intake were adequate in man and deficient in woman. Energy intake was deficient in man and very deficient in women. The nutritional intake was less likely cause anemia. There was no correlation between nutritional status with degree and type of anemia

Save to Mendeley

Full Text:



Fikawati S, Wahyuni D, Syafiq A. Status gizi ibu hamil dan berat lahir bayi pada kelompok vegetarian. Makara Kesehatan. 2012;16(1)Available from:

Craig WJ, Mangels AR. Position of the American Dietetic Association: vegetarian diets. Journal of the American Dietetic Association. 2009;109(7):1266-82.[cited 28 Februari 2017] Available from:

Brathwaite N, Fraser HS, Modeste N, Broome H, King R. Obesity, diabetes, hypertension, and vegetarian status among Seventh-Day Adventists in Barbados: preliminary results. Ethnicity and Disease. 2003;13(1):34-9.[cited 25 Februari 2017] Available from:




Yani IE, Dwiyanti D, Hamid S. Asupan zat gizi dan kadar hemoglobin pada anggota Indonesia Vegetarian Society (IVS) Cabang Padang. Sehat Mandiri.

;10:8.[cited 15 Februari 2017] Available from:

Sunita A. Prinsip dasar ilmu gizi. Jakarta: Gramedia Pustaka Utama;

Gilsing AM, Crowe FL, Lloyd-Wright Z, Sanders TA, Appleby PN,

Allen NE, et al. Serum concentrations of vitamin B12 and folate in British male omnivores, vegetarians and vegans: results from a cross-sectional analysis of the EPIC-Oxford cohort study. European journal of clinical

nutrition. 2010;64(9):933-9.[cited 13 Februari 2017] Available from:

Bakta IM. Hematologi Klinik Ringkas. Jakarta: EGC; 2006.

Choi S, DiSilvio B, Fernstrom MH, Fernstrom JD. Meal ingestion,

amino acids and brain neurotransmitters: effects of dietary protein source on serotonin and catecholamine synthesis rates. Physiology & behavior.


Fatsecret. Vital wheat gluten. 2017Available from:


Proteina. [Available from:

Chiang M. Diet vegetarian gaya hidup alami. Jakarta: Dian Jakarta;

Supariasa IMN, Bakri B, Fajar I. Penilaian Status Gizi. Jakarta: EGC;

Dilla N. Gambaran kejadian anemia pada remaja putri SMP Negeri 18

Kota Bogor Tahun 2009. Available from:



  • There are currently no refbacks.