Eksplorasi faktor yang mempengaruhi penggunaan antibiotik di apotek K24 Wiyung dan Karah Agung Surabaya

Bernadette Dian Novita, Wahyu Dewi Tamayanti, Eka Verlina Sugiarto


Data on Riset Kesehatan Dasar (Riskesdas) 2013, 86,1% antibiotics were used
and kept in houses without indication and prescription (Badan Penelitian dan
Pengembangan Kesehatan Kementerian Kesehatan Rl, 2013). This data supported
WHO's study result in 2005 that 50% of the use of drugs in hospitals and health
centers was antibiotics. Irrational use of antibiotics were disadvantaged, both, for
health, which could induced bacterial resistance, and cost. Unfortunately, people
were not yet informed properly. The study, using quantitative methods an interview,
assessed the patients' knowledge of antibiotic, described and explored the factors
that influence the use of antibiotics and determine the effect of patient education
on the use of antibiotics in pharmacies K24Wiyung and Karah Agung Surabaya.
The data obtained from the respondents were analyzed with Amos 18. O. From the
results, the significant factors that influenced the consumption of antibiotics in
pharmacies K24 Wiyung and Karah Agung Surabaya, among others: income (p
= 0.031), complaints (p = 0.005), the reason consumption (0.000), resources of
information (p = 0001). The factors that were not significant to the use of generic
antibiotics include: age (p = 0791), patient knowledge regarding antibiotics (p =
0.404). Thus, information and education about rational use of antibiotics needs to
involve these factors in order to be accepted by the patient. To support the rational
antibiotic pharmacist should be bold and willing to remind the patient to consult a
doctor before taking antibiotics.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.33508/jwm.v2i2.703