The Role Of Rose (Rapid Onsite Evaluation) On Spinal Lesion Surgery Decision

. Sindrawati, Komang Agung, Carlos Binti, Anggita Dewi


Introduction: Exposure and instrumentation of the spine must be meticulous and thorough regardless the techniques and approach selected. Management of the whole surgery process should be decided based on the best available evidence whenever possible. ROSE (Rapid Onsite Evaluation) cytology wrap up the surgical decision. Case Description: Fifteen cases comprise of lytic lesions and/or single pathological fractures of the corpus vertebrae will be presented and discuss as to how the surgical techniques and approaches are assisted by ROSE. ROSE cytology was performed in the operating theater during the surgery. Samples were taken after exposure of the minimal lesion using (18–21) G trocar needle or under fluoroscopy guided. Direct smear, air dried fixation, and Diff Quik staining would take about 10 minutes. Pathologist evaluated the specimen and provided the result in about 20 minutes. The overall 30 minutes allowed surgeon to prepare the further steps. Results would be malignant or benign without pursuing further detail diagnostic. Benign results should be categorized as infection, suspicious of granulomatic tuberculosis, or normal host population cells. The cases outcome were 8 normal host population cells advanced for vertebroplasty to fill the porotic bone. Three spondylitis tuberculosis were debrided without unnecessary instrumentation, and four malignant processes were assured to have enough samples for immunohistochemistry evaluation afterward. All ROSE cytology was confirmed accordingly by the histopathology result afterward. Conclusion: ROSE is easy and offers accurate sampling from the lesion itself. It is quick, therefore during surgery surgeon could decide the best management for the patient.

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